Kerala, a state on India's tropical Malabar Coast, has nearly 600km of Arabian Sea shoreline. It's known for its palm-lined beaches and backwaters, a network of canals. Inland are the Western Ghats, mountains whose slopes support tea, coffee and spice plantations as well as wildlife. National parks like Eravikulam and Periyar, plus Wayanad and other sanctuaries, are home to elephants, langur monkeys and tigers.
The equable Climate, serene beaches, tranquil stretches of backwaters, lush hill stations and exotic wild life, waterfalls, sprawling plantations and paddy fields made it as one of the sought after tourist destinations in Asia.
Kerala is nominated as one among the three finalists at the World Travel and Tourism Council?s ?Tourism for Tomorrow? awards in the destination category.
The history regarding its origin is masked in myths and guess. One such myth centres around the legend Parasurama. This warrior-sage is regarded as the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. After destroying the Kshathriya kings, the warrior-sage asked an assembly of learned men a way of penance for his past misdeeds. He was advised to hand over the lands he had conquered to the Brahmins. He agreed and sat in penance at Gokarnam.
Parasurama was blessed by Lord Varuna, the God of the Oceans and by Bhumidevi, the Goddess of earth. Thereafter he went to Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin) and threw his battle axe northwards across the waters. The water subsided and whatwas left over was called the land of Parasurama. That is today's Kerala. That was only a story. Geologists believe that the ocean currents bring in large quantities of sand towards the shore. The coastal portions could well be due to the accumulation of this silt over thousands of years.
Before the beginning of Christian era the main natives of Kerala were Kuravas,Vetas and Pulayas. Buddhism and Jainism flourished during this period. Brahmins from the nearby areas started flowing in. The occupied most of the fertile lands from Payannur in North Kerala. By 10th century they were the powerful entity upto Cape Comorin. Buddhists and Jains retreated from Kerala. The Brahmins were wealthy and powerful, segregation of classes began and even they determined what distance a lower cast person should keep from the Brahmins.
Language And Culture
Malayalam is classified as a South Dravidian language. It is the official language of Kerala. All Keralites consider Malayalam as their mother tongue. Possessing an independent written script, it also has a rich modern literature.
Kerala's culture is a blend of Aryans and Dravidians.The north Indians are the descendants of Aryans and the south Indians are Dravidians. During 10th century Kerala was part of Tamil heritage region known as Tamilakam and was greatly influenced by the Dravidian culture. The art forms of Kerala can be classified into four groups viz. Classical Art Form, Folk Art Form, Fine Art Form, Temple Music Form.
Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)
Great hornbill (Buceros bicornis)
Kanikonna (Cassia fistula)
Coconut tree (Cocos nucifera)
5.Periyar National Park
How to Reach
Kerala has three international airports in it. Trivandrum international airport is located in the southern part of the state. The Kochi International airport is located in the center part of the state. The Calicut international airport is located in the north of the state and it is the most commonly used airport by international travellers. Apart from these, numerous domestic airports connect almost all the important states in the country with Kerala.
Most of the places in and out of Kerala are interconnected by 200 Railway Stations. Direct trains to Kerala can be availed from Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Kolkata and other major Indian cities.
Kerala is easily accessible by road from any part of the country through National Highways 17, 47 and 49. Directly connected by road with Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, the state of Kerala has a network between its important cities by a number of state highways and other metallic roads.